Pallet Details

The Gondrand staff takes care of your shipments. We make it our daily goal to treat and protect your cargo in the best possible way and we are able to achieve this by using pallets throughout the entire supply chain. The pallet acts as a unit load base simplifying storage, handling and transportation.

Nowadays pallets come in many different types and sizes and there is no real standardization as such. One exception being the commonly used euro pallet (80 x 120 cm), developed specifically for use on European trucks that have a standard body width of 240 cm, allowing maximum use of the available floor space on the truck. They are far from ideal however for deepsea container transport as the interior width of the standard container types is only 235 cm.

The European Normalization Institutes however have laid down some principal types.

  • Europallet (Chemical Industry Pallet 2)

Length: 1200 mm
Width: 800 mm

  • Blockpallet (Chemical Industry Pallet 1 & 6)

Length: 1200 mm
Width: 1000 mm

  • American pallet (Chemical Industry Pallet 3, 8 & 9)

Length: 1140 mm
Width: 1140 mm

  • Chemistry pallet (Chemical Industry Pallet 4 & 7)

Length: 1300 mm
Width:1100 mm

Whereas initially pallets were invariably constructed of solid wood, in recent years we have seen the introduction of metal (steel & aluminium), compressed wood, plastic and even cardboard pallets, all to meet specific cargo requirements.

For seafreight specifically, with the ever increasing number of destination countries imposing heat treatment or fumigation of solid wood packing materials, the use of "non-wooden" pallets, mainly of the compressed wood and plastic types, is steadily increasing, their higher unit cost being off-set by the very considerable fumigation costs.

Characteristics
Wood
Plastic
Metal
Corrugated fibreboard
Once-only use
+
-
-
+
Several times use
+
+
+
-
Workability
- +
- +
-
+
Moistureproof
+
+
+
-
Capable of carrying a load
+
- +
+
- +
Absorbent
-
+
+
-
Hygiene
-
+
+
-
Life span
+
- +
+
-
Reparable
+
-
-
-

 

De different parts of a pallet:

In general, all types of pallet consist of the main principal elements : the load-bearing surface, the spacing blocks (allowing free passage of handling equipment forks) and the bottom supports or skids.

The load or cargo bearing surface can consist of a single panel or closely joined or interspaced wooden boards for wooden pallets. Metal pallets replicate this or have a grid-like upper surface.


the load-bearing surface:
interspaced wooden boards


The load-bearing surface:
closely joined board

 

The spacing blocks on wooden pallets are generally square when made of solid wood, cylindrical when made of compressed wood.

Pallets with bottom skids (running lengthwise), can only be handled by pallet-jack from the smaller ends, the skids preventing the entry of the pallet-jack's forks on the longer sides.


Pallets with bottom skids: "2 way pallet"

Pallets that are only supported on blocks, or have skids of a special type with cut-outs, can be handled from all four sides - these are also known as "four-way pallets".

Block pallet: "four-way pallet"

Skids of a special type with cut-outs: "four-way pallet"

Compressed wood pallets (which are moulded in one piece) never have skids, only spacing blocks. Plastic pallets (which also tend to be moulded in one piece), on the other hand come both with blocks only or blocks and skids.

Finally, there also exists the "double face" pallet, which consists of two interspaced cargo bearing surfaces and can therefore be used equally well upside down!


"double face" pallet